Science Journal of Medicine and Clinical Trials

December 2013,Volume 2013, ISSN: 2276-7487

Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

 

Retrospective Analysis of 298 Cases of Deep Neck Infections: Its Diagnosis and Management

1Dr. Shailesh R. Khode , Assistant Professor, MS ENT, Oncosurgery Research Fellow, 2Dr. Pankaj Bhat, DORL,
3Dr. Sachin Rane, MBBS, 4K.S. Dasgupta, Professor and Head, MS ENT

Accepted 24 December, 2012; Available Online 20 January,2013.

doi: 10.7237/sjmct/285

Abstract:

Despite widespread use of antibiotics, the prevalence of deep neck abscesses has been diminished but these infections remain as a significant cause of morbimortality. Retrospective reviews of 298 patients were conducted who were diagnosed deep neck infections (DNI's). All the parameters including demographic data, anatomical position involved in neck infections, clinical trends, etiology, bacteriology, complications, management and preventive aspects of DNI's were analyzed. Major etiological factor in patients with DNI's was odontogenic in origin while Ludwig's angina was the most common clinical presentation. The treatment of DNI's includes antibiotic therapy, airway management and surgical intervention. Timely prevention and treatment of DNI's plays major role in decreasing the prevalence of DNI's.

Keyword: Deep Neck Infections (DNI's), Dental infection, Staphylococcus, Airway management incision and drainage,Prevention.

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