Science Journal of Agricultural Research and Management

June 2012, Volume 2012, ISSN: 2276-8572

© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Analysis of Factors Influencing Job - Performance of Female Extension Agents in Owerri - West and North Areas of Imo State, Nigeria.

1*Nnadi, F.N., 1Chikaire, J., 1Egwuonwu, H.A., 1čEchetama, J.A.2Atoma, C.N.

1Department of Agricultural Extension,
Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Extension and Managenment Technology,
Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria.

Accepted 7 June 2012; Available Online 27 June, 2012.

doi: 10.7237/sjarm/252


One of the basic principles of agricultural extension is that extension is for all persons irrespective of age, gender, status, race and so on. Among the individuals here are both female agents and women farmers who also need and disseminate proven agricultural information and advice. This study was carried out to examine the factors influencing job-performance of female extension agents in Owerri-West and North Areas of Imo State, Nigeria. Data were obtained from 80 female extension personnel, made up of 50 female agents and 30 women in agriculture participants who serve as contact farmers due to the limited number of female agents. Data collected were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentage and mean presented in tabular form. Majority (31.3%) are within the prime age of 36-41 years, with 27.5% having Bsc degree. They specialized in crop, animals, agric. extension and economics as well as home economics. They are involved in regular and systematic visits to villages and farms, developing rapport with farmers, solving farmers agric/farm problems, providing advisory services, monitoring/evaluating extension programs, keeping records and providing feed back to both farmers and research stations. In performance of the job as agents they are constrained by lack of education on the part of clientele, time, cash/income, beliefs and customs, slowness in adoption, social structure, farming system, lack of ability to take risk on the part of the clients among other factors. The female agents are constrained by family problems, health condition, social barriers, inadequate training and so on. Institutional factors as inadequate methodology, poor transportation network, non-payment of salaries, delays in promotion and payments, evaluation problems, corruption, lack of working materials among others hinder female agents job performance. To improve upon the above, farmers be sensitized regularly on programs and packages, salaries of agents increased, methodology be adjusted, and regular training and re-training be carried out for staff in form of seminars and workshops.

Keyword:Job - performance, extension agents, information, programs, clientele.