Science Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
July 2014, Volume 2014, ISSN:2276-6359
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Land and Water Access for Women of the Locality of Velingara – Senegal
Docteur Awa Gaye1, Papa Gallo Sow2, Ousseynou KA3, Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye4, Martial Coly Bop5, Fatou Omar Sy Ndiaye6, Alioune Badara Tall7, Abdoulaye Faye8, Boubacar Gueye9, Cheikh Tacko diop10, Amadou Djibril BA11, Anta Tal Dia12
1Enseignant/chercheur Maitré assistant associé- Departement Santé Communautaire Unité de Formation et
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10Enseignant/chercheur Maitré assistant Departement Sante Communautaire Unite de Formation et de Recherché Santé et Dévéloppement Durable de l'Univérsite Alioune Diop de Recherché Santé et Devéloppement Durable de l'Université Alioune Diop dé Bambey (Sénégal)
11Enseignant/chércheur Profésseur titulaire Departémént Sante publique Faculte de Medeciné, Pharmacie et d'Odontostomatologie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar(Sénégal). Telephone : 221 776370253
Accepted on 14 July, 2014; Available Online 31 July,2014
Objective: To assess women's access to land and water in
Kounkané and Diobé- Kabendou municipalities in Vélingara city
Methods: After a literature review of policies and guidelines for women's access to land and water, quantitative and qualitative research from questionnaire, interview and focus group was made. Depending on the type of research, software Epi- info and SPSS were used to capture, control, validation, and data analysis.
Results: 448 women within and outside the women's promotion group or not, leaders or not, with an age ranging from 18 to 92 years. - First ethnic: Pular with 69%; - 85.5% of married women; - 40.60% uneducated; - 48, 80% holders of farmland; - Running water was available at 98.40%. 62.3 % of wells are at home and not covered. Public taps accounted for 0.9 %.
Conclusion: Access to economic rights for women's Diaobé- Kabendou and Kounkané remains a major challenge. The development of operational action plans could ensure sustainable access is an imperative for the basic needs of the most vulnerable group. This effort would be undertaken for humanitarian reasons, and because it directly affects the fundamentals fight against poverty: health, equity and economic growth.
Keywords:water access; land access; woman; poverty;economic growth