Science Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
October 2013, Volume 2013, ISSN:2276-6359
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Role of Welfare Package in Employees Motivation: An Analysis
Micah Damilola John and Imoudu Monica
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo state
AAccepted 25 September, 2013; Available Online 7 August 2013
Motivation is central in the discourse of productivity among employees. Yet the nature
of welfare package in every organization determines the level of motivation. Against
this background, this study investigated the role of welfare package in determining
level of motivation among workers.
This study was premised on social exchange theory. A cross sectional survey design was adopted consisting of a sample of 150 respondents. This was complemented by In- Depth Interviews (IDIs).
The mean age of the respondents was 29±9.2 and with the prevalence of male (63.3%), married (70.0%), income of N110,001 and above (46.0%) and Bachelor Degree (44.7%). The welfare packages available in the organization consisted of medical health care (91.3%), car loan (76.0%), staff housing (19.3%) and off/on the job training (90.7%). Consequently, 85.3% of the employees expressed high level of motivation. At the levels of employees' categories, professionals (69.6%), managerial (88.9%), skilled non manual (89.8%) and skilled manual (78.6%) expressed high level of motivation. Qualitative data showed that workers remained committed to the goal of the organization. There was desire for job retention and productivity.
Industrial organization may not achieve relatively high level of motivation among employees where welfare services are taken granted. Organization should review its welfare package services to be competitive. This should be on regular interval as agreed by the management.
Keywords:Welfare package, motivation, non monetary factors, productivity, job retention