Science Journal of Psychology

November 2012, Volume 2012, ISSN:2276-6278

Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Imagi(ni)ng People with Special Needs through Literary Artistry: An Analysis of the Oral Narrative Motif of the Princess Who Could Not Smile

Prof. Wangari Mwai

1Department of Literature Kenyatta University PO BOX 43844, NAIROBI

Accepted 7 November, 2012; Available Online November 30, 2012

doi: 10.7237/sjpsych/180


This paper is developed from research in the oral narratives of the Agikuyu. The paper revisits the portrait of persons with special needs in a selected thematic area in Oral Literature, the motif of The princess who could not smile. After observing that Literature is a mirror reflection of what happens in society, we argue that it should also be a guide as to how society was, is and should be. The portrait of people with special needs in Literature therefore, is significant to how this category of people was viewed, is viewed and should be viewed. With reference to the variants of the narrative The princess who could not smile, the discussion argues that the literary artist has a very unique portrait of persons with special needs. Through scrutiny of literary creations we observe that people with special needs have a reservoir of knowledge that can salvage society from various trials and tribulations. The analysis warns us that we often ignore the potentials hidden in these persons and hence society continues to grapple with problems that could have been addressed if these potentials were tapped. Society is therefore challenged to decipher these potentials and propagate them to all and sundry so that this often ignored wealth is utilized to the well being of the society at large.

Keyword: Literature, oral artistry, motif, disabilities