Science Journal of Business Management
April 2013, Volume 2013, ISSN:2276-6316
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Credit Unions: Social Enterprise at Work
Dr. Tatjana Volkova and Brigita Baltaca
BA School of Business and Finance
Accepted 6 April, 2013; Available Online 28 April, 2013
Although the notion of social enterprise first appeared in Italy in the late
1980s, it really began to be used at the European level in the mid-1990s,
especially through the works of the European Research Network (EMES).
EMES defined social enterprises as "organisations with an explicit aim to
benefit the community, initiated by a group of citizens and in which the
material interest of capital investors is subject to limits. They place a high
value on their independence and on economic risk-taking related to
ongoing socioeconomic activity." Although a social enterprise could have
one leading person, often referred to as the social entrepreneur, to initiate
and drive it requires the support and engagement of many other people.
Therefore, the cooperative movement is another well-known manifestation
of social enterprise.
The main scope of research. The development of social enterprises is rather challenging i n Latvia. A significant restriction to the development of social enterprises in Latvia is the absence of legal recognition that social entrepreneurship is a form of doing business. The imbalance in the distribution of urban and rural credit unions is a prime reason to give more attention to the development of rural credit unions.
Major findings and conclusion is that the role of credit unions in the development of rural communities should be judged by the opportunity they provide for individuals to participate in the development of their communities by getting engaged in a social enterprise.
Keyword:social enterprise, credit unions, financial cooperatives, Latvia.