Science Journal of Biochemistry Volume 2012 (2012), May 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Growth Performance and Yield of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) on Different Substrates Composition in Buea South West Cameroon
1Ajonina A. Samuel, 2Tatah L. Eugene
1Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Buea P.O Box 63 Buea Cameroon.
2Department of Crop Production, University Institute for the Diocese of Buea.
Accepted 3rd March, 2012; Available Online 6 March, 2012
Mushrooms are increasingly becoming an important component of diets worldwide and it is of paramount importance to choose appropriate substrates in a given place to grow them. The experiment was conducted at the Cameroon Society for Sustainable Development of Natural Resources and Environmental Projection (CASSDNREP) mushroom department farm. The main goal was to evaluate the growth performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on some locally available substrate material compositions as well as to find out the best substrate for mushroom cultivation. Bags were sterilised in 1000 litres iron containers for 5h at 100șC, cooled for 6 h and then inoculated with actively growing mushroom mother culture on rice grains obtained from Mushroom Cameroon, Bamenda. The bags were incubated until mycelium had fully colonized the substrate and then taken to the cropping house. The highest mycelium running rate was found on Corn cobs and palm cones (1:1) but the lowest in control. Completion of mycelium running time was lowest in (1:3, 3:1 and palm cones). Number of total primordia and effective primordia, found highest in control but the highest pileus thickness was measured from corn cobs. Highest biological yield (146.1 g and 172.1 g) was obtained from corn cones which was much higher than control.
Keyword: Corn cobs, Palm cones, Growth Performance, Yield and Pleurotus ostreatus