Science Journal of Agricultural Research and Management
February 2015, Volume 2015, ISSN: 2276-8572
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Possible Impact of Mono-Cropping and Trash Burning for Inducing Flowering in Fields' Sugarcane: The Rhizosphere Concern
Govindasamy, V., Rane, J. and Minhas, P. S.
National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management.
Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Malegaon, Baramati -413 115 (Pune District), Maharashtra, India.
Accepted 29 December, 2015; Available Online 24 February, 2015
Sugarcane is an important industrial crop cultivated in India with the production of almost 300 million tones. In the recent years, farmers and sugar industry are concerned about the frequent occurrences of flowering in fields' sugarcane. Because it is highly undesirable trait, which affects crop productivity and sugar content. Apart from many of plant physiological and climatic variability factors, the rhizosphere microbial diversity and their functional activities on plant nutrition also play a key role in inducing flowering in sugarcane. Few of the recent studies indicated that continuous mono- /ratoon cropping and post harvest field burning of sugarcane trashes having negative impact on rhizosphere diversity and function. The present report is an attempt to explain the possibility of prevention of flowering in fields' sugarcane with emphasis on preserving/ managing the native soil microbial diversity for better nutrition and growth of crops.
Keyword:Sugarcane; Rhizosphere; Diversity; Functional activity; Flowering; Plant Nutrition