Science Journal of Agricultural Research and Management
August 2014, Volume 2014, ISSN: 2276-8572
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Impact of Management Practices, Dam Age and Parity on Growth Rate of Camel Calves Under Farming System
Mustafa1 A. B.; Khadiga .A .A/Atti2; A. M. Abunokhila2 and B. Faye3
1University of Bahri, P.O. Box: 1660, code 11111 Khartoum, Sudan.
2Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum, Postal Code 13314 Khartoum North, Sudan
3CIRAD-ES, Campus international de Baillarguet TA C/dir B, 34398 Montpellier, France
Accepted 10th June, 2014, 2014; Available Online 2 August, 2014
Farming system is a new technique for Camel production in arid and sem-arid regions, two experiments were conducted on sixteen camel calves, each experiment included eight calves, they were selectedafter calving directly Camel Research Centre and Zakiet Modern Farm in Khartoum Khartoum, Sudam. To investigate on new technique of restricted suckling of calves in order to evaluate technical effect on daily weight gain of calves for sixteen weeks under semi-intensive system, in addition to assess the impact of dam age and parity on calves growth rate from birth to four months of age under intensive system. The difference of birth weight between calves of two experiments not significantly (P0.05). High weight gain (P0.05) was observed in fourth week of restricted calves compared to that freely calves that attributed to early adaptability of restricted calves on feed concentrated. In the end of experiment, the technique of restricted suckling was not effect (P0.05) on daily weight gain of calves. Whereas, no effect of dam age and parity on growth rate of calves have been observed in this study. However, camel farming system was appreciated for improve camel productivity and reduces age of maturity.
Keyword:Bahri, Camel Calves, Dam age, Restricted Suckling, Weight Gain